Across every front line in the conflict in Yemen, Houthi forces have employed significant numbers of landmines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) against Arab Coalition forces. According to the Yemen Executive Mine Action Centre, between 2016 and 2018, the Yemeni army removed some 300,000 landmines that Houthi forces had laid throughout Yemen.
While Conflict Armament Research (CAR) has been unable to verify these figures, a growing body of information, compiled by CAR, suggests that the use of landmines and IEDs has been widespread and has increased as Houthi forces retreat from Coalition advances.
Since April 2017, CAR has conducted eight field missions to Yemen to document materiel seized from non-state armed groups, including Houthi forces. During its most recent field mission in July 2018, CAR documented a range of materiel recovered during Coalition advances along the west coast of Yemen, toward the port city of Hodeida. While some of the recovered materiel consists of conventional landmines and naval mines, which probably originate from former Yemeni army stockpiles, the vast majority of landmines are improvised and mass-produced, domestically, by Houthi forces in Yemen.
Lesen Sie hier den vollständigen Artikel