Grenada tritt als erster neuer Vertragsstaat dem Verbot von Streubomben bei
Bedeutungsvoll ist der Beitritt auch, weil Grenada zu den 39 Ländern gehört, in denen Streubomben zum Einsatz kamen. (in Englisch)
Aus der Presseerklärung der Cluster Munition Coalition:
Seit der Vertrag über ein Verbot von Streumunition am 1. August 2010 in Kraft getreten ist, müssen Staaten, die dem Vertrag neu beitreten möchten, in einem einzigen Schritt unterzeichnen und ratifizieren. Durch die Ratifizierung ist auch die Umsetzung des Verbots in der nationalen Gesetzgebung eines Staates gesichert.
Mit Grenada sind es nun 109 Staaten, die den Oslovertrag weltweit unterzeichnet und 58, die ihn ratifiziert haben. Das erforderliche Beitrittsdokument wurde von Grenada am 29. Juni dem UN-Generalsekretariat ausgehändigt.
Bedeutungsvoll ist der Beitritt Grenadas nicht nur als des ersten Staats nach dem Inkraft-Treten des Verbotsvertrags, sondern auch weil Grenada zu den 39 Ländern gehört, in denen Streubomben zum Einsatz kamen. Selbst produziert, besessen oder eingesetzt hat der Staat diese Waffen nie. Während der Invasion der USA 1983 setzte das US-amerikanische Militär 21 MK-20 Rockeye Streubomben ein, die 5.187 Submunitionen enthielten. Es ist noch nicht bekannt, ob die explosiven Überreste dieser Munitionen alle geräumt werden konnten.
Grenadas Beitritt fand im Rahmen der “Intersessional”-Treffen der Vertragsstaaten des Verbotsvertrags statt. Bei diesem Treffen kamen in Genf 80 Regierungen zusammen, um über den Stand der Umsetzung der Vertragsbestimmungen zu diskutieren und das jährliche Vertragsstaaten-Treffen vorzubereiten, das im September 2011 in Beirut im Libanon stattfinden wird.
Another country bans deadly cluster bombs during landmark conference on lifesaving weapons treaty
(Geneva, 1 July 2011) Grenada became the first country to accede to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, a highlight of an unprecedented four-day diplomatic meeting on the treaty.
“The first accession to the Convention is an important milestone, and is all the more significant given that Grenada is one of the countries where cluster bombs have been used,” said Laura Cheeseman, Director of the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC).
Grenada deposited its instrument of ratification with the United Nations on Wednesday 29 June. Since the treaty became binding international law on 1 August 2010 countries can no longer sign and then later ratify, but must undertake the one-step process of accession.
Two more countries – Thailand and Cambodia – also indicated during the meeting they are taking steps to accede to the Convention in the near future.
“This is a remarkable development in light of the fact that Thailand fired cluster munitions into Cambodia earlier this year during a border dispute—the first use of the weapon since the ban treaty entered into force. Hearing this from Thailand and Cambodia was really encouraging, and we’re hopeful this will be the first accession of many more,” Cheeseman added.
These announcements came during a landmark meeting on the ban held in Geneva.
More than 400 diplomatic representatives from 81 countries attended the first intersessional meetings of the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions from 27-30 June 2011.
They joined representatives from UN agencies, the ICRC, and a CMC delegation of 100 campaigners from 40 countries to discuss progress against the ban.
The CMC and its global members have been actively engaging with the delegates throughout the meeting, urging them to advance their commitments to a world free of cluster bombs.
Along with the CMC and the ICRC, seven countries condemned the recent use of cluster bombs by Thailand and Libya (Australia, Lao PDR, UK, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway and Spain).
Spain acknowledged that it had transferred cluster bombs to Libya prior to signing the ban treaty, but delivered a strong statement condemning Libya’s use of the weapons in light of the widespread international ban now in place.
Other states gave updates on progress to implement the Convention.
Albania and Zambia have cleared their land of these deadly unexploded weapons and eight countries have already completed destruction of their entire stockpiles, for which the CMC commends them (Austria, Belgium, Ecuador, Moldova, Montenegro, Norway, Portugal, and Spain).
Hungary, which has not yet ratified the Convention, also announced that it had completed the destruction of its stockpiled cluster munitions.
States also made significant headway this week in preparing for a global ban treaty conference being held in Lebanon, a country that has been devastated by cluster bombs, in September.
More than 100 states are expected to meet in Beirut under the Presidency of Lebanon’s Foreign Minister at the Second Meeting of States Parties on the Convention.
“The meeting in Beirut will be vital to establish what governments are doing to drive forward their obligations under this lifesaving treaty,” said Cheeseman.
“This week we’ve already started to see momentum gathering around states working to rid the world of cluster bombs, which is really encouraging, and has paved the way for even more progress to be made in Beirut,” she added.
Media & Communications Manager ICBL-CMC (In Geneva, GMT +1)
Mobile: +41 78 685 1146
The Cluster Munition Coalition
Notes to editors:
About cluster bombs:
A cluster munition (or cluster bomb) is a weapon containing multiple - often hundreds - of small explosive submunitions or bomblets. Cluster munitions are dropped from the air or fired from the ground and designed to break open in mid-air, releasing the submunitions over an area that can be the size of several football fields. This means they cannot discriminate between civilians and soldiers. Many of the submunitions fail to explode on impact and remain a threat to lives and livelihoods for decades after a conflict.
About the Convention on Cluster Munitions:
The Convention on Cluster Munitions bans the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions and requires countries to clear affected areas within 10 years and destroy stockpiles of the weapon within eight. The Convention includes groundbreaking provisions requiring assistance to victims and affected communities. Signed in Oslo in December 2008, the Convention entered into force as binding international law on 1 August 2010 and is the most significant international disarmament treaty since the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty banning antipersonnel landmines.
About the Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC):
The CMC is an international coalition with more than 350 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) working in around 100 countries to encourage urgent action against cluster bombs. The CMC facilitates NGO efforts worldwide to educate governments, the public and the media about the problems of cluster munitions and to urge universalisation and full implementation of the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions.
The following 109 countries have signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions:
Afghanistan, Albania, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, DR Congo, Republic of Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Côte D’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, France, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Haiti, The Holy See, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Lao PDR, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia FYR, Madagascar , Malawi, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Rwanda, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tomé and Principe, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Zambia.