Italien und Tschechien ratifizieren das Verbot von Streubomben
Zwanzig NATO-Staaten haben den Verbotsvertrag unterzeichnet, acht Mitgliedsstaaten behalten sich den Einsatz von Streubomben vor. (in Englisch)
Two more NATO members ratify global humanitarian cluster bomb ban
(London, 24 September 2011): NATO members Italy and the Czech Republic have become the 65th and 66th States Party to the Convention on Cluster Munitions this week.
These latest ratifications bring the number of NATO members that are States Parties to 17. Another three have signed but not yet ratified. Eight members remain completely outside the Convention. States Parties and signatories are legally bound not to use, manufacture, or transfer cluster munitions.
Crucially, the Convention also prohibits states from assisting countries that have not joined to carry out these banned activities.
"Cluster munitions should never be used again in a NATO operation," said Amy Little, CMC Campaign Manager.
Five new States Parties - Afghanistan (8 Sept), Swaziland (13 Sept), Trinidad and Tobago (21 Sept), Italy (21 Sept) and the Czech Republic (22 Sept) - have joined the lifesaving Convention in just the past two weeks. Last week, more than 130 governments reported on their progress on the ban at a global conference in Beirut.
"The momentum that this treaty is gathering is really impressive, and it is going to be increasingly hard for those states that have not yet joined to ignore this," said Little.
Italy is a current stockpiler and former producer of cluster munitions. It is obligated to destroy its stocks as soon as possible, but no later than eight years after joining.
The Czech Republic is not believed to have used or produced cluster munitions, but it has stockpiled them. It announced in 2010 that it had already completed destruction of its stocks, even prior to ratification.
"The small number of NATO states who have not joined the Convention, most notably the United States, should realize that they are in a shrinking minority amongst their military colleagues and should get on board the ban. You only need ask the people of Kosovo, where hundreds have been killed or injured by unexploded cluster submunitions dropped by NATO in 1999, what a difference this could make," Little added.
Giuseppe Schiavello from Campagna Italiana Contro le Mines said: "It's great news that Italy has joined the growing list of countries dedicated to stopping the harm done by these weapons. It shows that even big producers and stockpilers of cluster munitions are now willing to embrace the humanitarian principles that drive this treaty, and work together for a safer world. At the same time, the economic crisis in Italy and around the world means the government has heavily cut funds dedicated to international co-operation, so we are urging them to ensure that they are able to maintain their commitment to this treaty by assigning funds to stop the effects of cluster munitions and other deadly unexploded ordnance, and to the activity dedicated to universalising this treaty."
Source: Cluster Munition Coalition