Ukraine: Das Einmaleins des Überlebens
In Mariupol hat gerade - wie in vielen Ländern - die Schule begonnen. Neben dem Einmaleins lernen die Kinder hier auch, wie Sie sich verhalten müssen, wenn Sie Minen oder Blindgänger finden. (auf Englisch)
For millions of children returning to school аcross Ukraine this year, there's been the usual starched shirts and itchy dresses, poufy hair ribbons and neckties, new backpacks and pencils, and homework in math, science, and reading.
In the southern Ukrainian city of Mariupol, there's a new addition to the curriculum this year: landmines and unexploded bombs, and what to do with them.
Education authorities in Mariupol have rolled out materials throughout the city's 68 schools to teach children about the dangers of hidden landmines or bombs that have not been detonated.
More than 109 children have been injured and 42 killed by landmines and unexploded ordnance in Ukraine since the conflict between Kyiv’s forces and pro-Russian separatists erupted in April 2014, according to United Nations figures.
In Mariupol itself, a 4-year-old child was killed and three children were injured on August 24 when an unknown object they were playing with exploded, according to UNICEF.
The materials distributed to schools in Mariupol were reportedly designed in conjunction with the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Officials with the Vienna-based organization could not be reached for comment.
"Children's psychology is very unstable, though of course, much depends on how you perceive these events -- war, fighting," Olga Samoilova, director of a Mariupol school called Lingua-21st Century, told RFE/RL.