Myanmar: Ein junges Mädchen kämpft für Aufklärung über die Minengefahr
Maw Pray Mya begann mit der Aufklärung über die Minengefahr als ehrenamtliche Helferin. Heute ist sie eine der wichtigsten Teamleaderinnen einer großflächigen Umfrage in Myanmar, die herausfinden soll, wieviel die Menschen über die Gefahr in ihrem Land wissen. (auf Englisch)
Maw Pray Myar is a young Myanmar woman who has ‘no fixed goal in life’ except becoming a traditional singer.
While waiting for becoming a star, Maw Pray Myar has become famous as one of the most active team leaders for the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) survey on Mine Risks conducted for the first time ever in three States and two Regions in the South-East of Myanmar.
The KAP report
The Myanmar Government officially launched the KAP report in November 2014. Some of the key findings show that:
- 3 out 4 children interviewed have never received any information on mines - even fewer adults have received any form of mine risk education
- 41% of men and women believe that prodding with the use of a bamboo, wooden or metal stick is a safe way to check for mines or explosive devices
- Broader conflict drivers and poverty reinforce risk taking behavior. Access to livelihoods remains a concern overriding mine risks – 65% of the respondents reported accident which occurred during the collection of forest products
As a result of decades of armed conflict, Myanmar is experiencing some of the highest mine accident rates in the world, even though verifiable data is difficult to gather. Seven out of Myanmar’s 14 States are contaminated with landmines, and mostly laid along border areas by Government and ethnic armed groups, due to both previous and ongoing conflicts.
With ceasefire negotiations being under way, some displaced people are considering return but land mine contamination continues to pose a serious risk.